A nicotine patch is basically a trans- dermal patch that is designed for releasing the nicotine into the body via the skin. It is used as aid in nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) that is intended for smoking cessation. This patch was discovered in 1993 in US. In fact, the NRT’s helps a person in quitting the smoking. By using the nicotine patch, the smokers can eventually double the rate of success of smoking cessation. However, the nicotine patch is not a cure all for quitting smoking. It is simply an aid that helps in the process of quitting smoking and it should be used in conjunction with other therapies. It acts as a useful tool and offers a steady, controlled dose of nicotine across the day and thereby it reduces the effects of nicotine withdrawal. The strength of nicotine patch gets reduced over the time and thus it allows the user to gradually reduce the nicotine dependency.

Nicotine Patch Nicotine patches are available in three different dosage strengths including 21mg, 14mg and 7mg. The usage of any strength depends on the amount of nicotine in any product. The 21mg patch is recommended in the beginning for the patients who are heavy smokers and who smoke more than20 cigarettes daily. Smokers can gradually shift to lower doses gradually from there to the final steps of no patch.

Some of Common side effects observed in smokers who use nicotine patches include headache, irritability, dizziness, drowsiness, sleep disturbances, etc. It also causes mild hallucinations, vivid dreams, and depression. The site of patch on the skin may lead to skin irritation and may be allergic.

The nicotine patch needs to be applied once a day on a dry, clean and hairless skin. It is recommended to wear the patch for 16 and 24 hours a day. The alternate usage of nicotine patches includes its usage in relieving the symptoms of post-surgical pain.